Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The Truth About Essay Topics Cather in the Rye Although it's not always evident concerning what they are looking for, their subconscious mind drives them to find it. Somebody who is lonely may find it difficult to form relationships because they're unable to socialize. It's debatable whether Holden's attitude has changed by the conclusion of the novel, on the 1 hand, he can have accepted that adolescence is merely a phase, but a lot of critiques of the novel imply he has not matured in any manner. Holden is beginning to witness that a number of things, like innocence, cannot be avoided. There are various critics that view Holden in many various ways. Moreover, Holden's superiors told him several times in the novel he wasn't the very first person to feel an awareness of angst. He feels that children should not be exposed to anything that has a chance of corrupting their innocence. Symbolically, he is accepting that growing up is a part of life, something that cannot be avoided. Definitions of Essay Topics Cather in the Rye If, on the flip side, you feel Catcher in the Rye isn't a sexist novel, find evidence and produce a good argument to substantiate your claim. The entire novel is written in the very first person. Reading is what will be able to help you develop your abilities. Based on your students, a few of these topics may be too controversial or mature. Essay Topics Cather in the Rye Explained The city has to be filmed carefully, because it's not simply a backdrop for the book, but has an important purpose. He's tired of all of the phoniness surround ing him. They're restricted to move about freely because they're in a pond. I wished to make a photo out of it. The New Angle On Essay Topics Cather in the Rye Just Released He's admitting that losing one's innocence is part of growing up and a kid may not be protected from it forever. Biological change from child to adult is the kind of death that Holden is hoping to resist and it is frustrating for him to need to handle this. Holden has been working so hard as a way to conserve these children, he didn't think about that unlike him, they are readier to lose their innocence and accept the simple fact that it's gone once and for all. Learning how to accept the loss of someone's innocence is and to face the truth of it can be challenging for some. As the novel progresses, we begin to observe how Holden is getting more and more unstable. That knocked Holden to the ground. Simple acts similar to this motivated Holden to wish to be Christ-like. The Lost Secret of Essay Topics Cather in the Rye These people all represent different facets of the City, and of urbanization during the start of the Atomic Age. The better part of the book occurs in New York, as before mentioned. A few years back, women did not have the exact same freedoms since they do today. Imagine that you're studying in Holden's school and you would like to persuade him that people around aren't phony. The question might appear silly and naive, but Holden is linked to the ducks in lots of ways. To begin writing your assignment you would want to run into an interesting and promising topic. You have to be proficient in the topic, have an overall idea about the chosen issue and can get the best arguments to demonstrate your thesis. For instance, Holden states, They're nice and all, in addition to I'm not likely to inform you my whole goddam autobiography or anything. As a result of this, it appears that Holden's character doesn't change throughout the novel. A lot of the narration doesn't need to be placed into dialogue because Holden spends an excellent deal of time in his descriptions of what is happening around him. Characters have to be played by actors with a specific similarity to the character itself, whether it's by their physical look, the way that they speak or otherwise. Additionally, it changes the most important character for the better. Introducing Essay Topics Cather in the Rye The date doesn't go well. Don't forget there are textbooks and internet tools you'll be able to utilize to check whether you've put a comma in the appropriate place or used the acceptable article. It's been translated into almost all the world's major languages. You have to practice, improve your skills, and adhere to some basic things to do to compose a great text.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 489 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/07/30 Category Health Essay Level High school Tags: PTSD Essay Did you like this example? There are many different mental disorders that are outlined within the book of importance to mental health clinicians, including PTSD. How individuals feel, think, and behave are what help drive different perspectives to derive. From researching combat veterans suffering from PTSD, I found similarities and differences between the different psychological perspectives that was focused upon. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Different Mental Disorders" essay for you Create order When comparing and contrasting the behavioral and cognition perspectives in terms of evaluating PTSD among combat veterans, they are more similar, while on the other hand, comparing the biological perspective to the other perspective there were hardly any similarities but more differences. Between the psychological perspectives of cognition and behavior, I found the similarity that both used therapy as a treatment component and not a medicinal approach. I think that this is important because instead of turning to medications to fix the problem, using exposure therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, both help to work through the issue rather than pushing it aside and taking a pill. Also, therapy was found to be more effective than the medicinal approach and I think this is due to the fact that with medications, the efficacy and confidence was expressed in a negative manner due to the fact that side effects of a medication can occur and dependence upon it can accumulate. When looking at the biological approach and trying to connect it to the cognitive approach and behavioral approach, it is not easy to do so. The biological approach focuses its attention on the endocrine system of the human body, expressing that the problem originates from out of balance hormone levels, when the cognitive approach focuses on thoughts within the find and the behavioral approach focusing on the actions elicited from the combat veteran. When getting an education, it is learned that biological factors focus on genetics and hormones, which holds true here. On the other hand, the cognitive approach concentrates on the negative thoughts and acting upon them to realize they are just thoughts and dont need to be drawn out into actions. The cognitive perspective focuses more so on the psychological aspect, whereas the biological perspective focused more so on the physiological aspect. I found no perspective better than another one, but rather found that different perspectives add more knowledge to understand the topic as a whole. There are different ways human thoughts and behaviors are elicited. New treatments and etiology may develop from the different types of psychological perspectives if research is continued onward regarding a topic with not much data like this one. The older name of posttraumatic stress disorder, shell shock, represents this type pertaining to combat veterans because it places a shell around them, to hide in, and not want to get help in. With the advancements in technology that continue each and every day, the research that is continued onward with this topic, and the more awareness that accumulates regarding PTSD among combat veterans, treatment for these victims is essential.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Criminal Motivation in Robert Agnews General Strain Theory Robert AgnewÃ¢â¬â¢s General Strain Theory (GST) argues that strain or stress is the major source of criminal motivation. He expands upon MertonÃ¢â¬â¢s Anomie Theory of strain and stress to include several causes of strain or stress. Agnew categorizes 3 types of strain that produce deviance: the failure to achieve positively valued goals, the loss of positive stimuli, and the introduction of negative stimuli. There are several different actions that can be taken to correct the strain in order to curb deviance, including exercise, counseling, and advocacy programs. Furthermore, we will also look at how this relates to domestic violence. As first mentioned there are 3 categories toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The failure to achieve positively valued goals is a central part of GST. It leads one to believe that, in part, the strain caused by not achieving the goals set by communities (be it economic success or achieving status and respect, etc) causes stress on the individual to commit crimes in an attempt to achieve these goals. The second aspect of AgnewÃ¢â¬â¢s GST is the loss or potential loss of positive stimuli. This stressor involves the loss of the Ã¢â¬Å"opportunity to freely engage in a range of valued behaviorsÃ¢â¬ (Broidy; Agnew, 1997), such as the loss of romantic partners or friends. In other words, the ability (or lack-there-of) of an individual to deal with stressful events in life can produce deviant feelings and behavior. AgnewÃ¢â¬â¢s last strain producer, the presentation of negative stimuli, refers to such things as child abuse, negative experiences at school, homelessness, and poor association with peers. Agnew suggests that crime isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the only approach people will use in their response to strain. According to Agnew, there are 3 types of strategies, apart from crime, that people can utilize to deal with stress and strain through legitimate means. He says that cognitive, emotional, and behavioral coping strategies can be used to reduce strain in a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life (Broidy; Agnew, 1997). Cognitive strategies allow the person to decipher stress in a different way. A person can reduce the significance of the strain, or maximize theShow MoreRelatedThe Cause Of Crime, Like Many Societal Phenomena, Is A1547 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessocietal phenomena, is a source of global contention. Theorists throughout history have repeatedly attempted to deconstruct criminal minds to understand the Ã¢â¬ËwhyÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËhowÃ¢â¬â¢ of crime. Not only can criminological theory explore the motivations of criminals living and dead; but it can also be a lens through which to examine fict ional crime. Animal Kingdom (2010) introduces a criminal family in SydneyÃ¢â¬âlargely responsible for armed robberies and drug crimesÃ¢â¬âfrom the perspective of 17-year-old Joshua Ã¢â¬Å"JÃ¢â¬ CodyRead MoreLabelling Theory And Robert Agnew s General Strain Theory1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHoward BeckerÃ¢â¬â¢s Labelling theory and Robert Agnew Ã¢â¬â¢s General Strain Theory presents ideas on how the sociological environment plays a factor in shaping individuals and leading them to resort to choices such as drug use. The Labelling theory is a concept in which the stigmatization of placing identity markers through pre-conceived notions and judgments can lead to a personal internalization of the imposed label which in turn can lead to deviance (Citation). The Strain Theory is an idea centered on howRead MoreLabelling Theory And Robert Agnew s General Strain Theory1651 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBeckerÃ¢â¬â¢s Labelling theory and Robert Agnew Ã¢â¬â¢s General Strain Theory pre sents ideas on how the sociological environment plays a factor into shaping individuals and leading them to resort to choices such as drug use. The Labelling theory is a concept in which the stigmatization of placing identity markers through pre-conceived notions and judgements can lead to a personal internalization of the imposed label which in turn can lead to deviance (Erikson,1964,417-419). The Strain Theory is an idea centeredRead MoreDifferential Opportunity Theory Of Deviant Behavior1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDifferential Opportunity Theory Sociologists have created many theories to explain deviant behavior, how we learn it, and why we do it. The theory of anomie, differential opportunity, and general strain will be discussed throughout this paper to explain how a person is led to deviant behavior. Deviant behavior can be learned through many aspects of life however, there are many theories explain how this occurs. The anomie theory refers to the lack of normal ethical or social standards however; DurkhiemRead MoreProposed Theories And Approaches Surrounding The True Nature Of Crime1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof proposed theories and approaches surrounding the true nature of crime and what drives criminals to act in the ways that they do. From approaches based around philosophy to those with origins in biology, sociology and psychology, there is yet to be a completely provable explanation for the motivations behind criminal behaviour. The case of 41 year old Alfred is a prime example of this as his case shows aspects of a number of different theories. The sociologically based strain theory first proposedRead MoreCommon Characteristics Of Public Mass Shooters1916 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesshooting. Sociologist have study this social phenomenon which usually occurs in setting such as workplace, schools or large public setting. Theorists have developed concepts to explain these events for example relative deprivation, stain theory, and anomie theory. The profile of mass shooters is the common traits that categorize perpetrators of this style of crime. Location is the primary indicator of a mass shooting; usually perpetrators commit the act at one location where multiple victims can beRead MoreIntegrated Criminological Theories2451 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesCriminological theories have come a long way from their origins; in ancient times it was believed that crimes were committed by people who were possessed by the devil, or women who practiced the dark art of witchcraft (Lilly, Cullen, Ball, 2011, pg 18). As the theories progressed into modern times, the theorist behind these criminological theories had only focused on one single cause behind criminality. Thanks to the work done by member of the Chicago School many of the new theories were able to furtherRead MoreA Blow-By-Blow of Deviance: Analyzing the Relationship Between General Strain Theory and the Protagonist in the Film Blow2255 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesinfluenced by these fa ctors in his interpretation of and reaction to the strains that he encountered both as an adolescent and an adult, or rather a deviant and a non-deviant. In this essay I will use General Strain Theory of deviance to illustrate and attempt to explain an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s motive for engaging in criminal behavior such as drug dealing. Strain theories have been used to explain deviance since sociologist Robert Merton first theorized Ãâ°mile DurkheimÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of anomie in his 1938 analysisRead MoreFactors Of Sociologist Robert Agnews General Strain Theory996 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOverview Sociologist Robert Agnew introduced the General Strain Theory (GST) in 1992, which argues that strain is the leading factor that causes someone to be delinquent or criminally motived. He categorizes three major types of strain that produces delinquency: the failure to achieve positively valued goals, removal of positively valued stimuli, and the introduction of negatively valued stimuli (Agnew et al., 2002, p. 44). These different forms of strain greatly increase the chances for an individualRead MoreAnalysis Of Ronald Aker s First Social Learning Theory1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSocial Learning Theory Ronald AkerÃ¢â¬â¢s first social learning theory article was first published as a way to explain SutherlandÃ¢â¬â¢s claim the Ã¢â¬Å"Criminal behavior is learnedÃ¢â¬ (Willams McShane, 2014). Aker believed that most deviant behavior is learned through social interaction. The main components of AkerÃ¢â¬â¢s social learning theory focused on differential association, definitions, differential reinforcement, and imitation. A study performed by Kim Lersch (1999) found that social learning theory can reliably
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Technology in Automotive Powertrain Assembly. Answer: Introduction: The company is a small Artificial Intelligence company in Brisbane; they are interested in using the tech of robotics in the fields of mining, transport, manufacturing and domestic consumption. They have already started a small robotics business but would like to expand the business with a five-year plan, basing on their competency in the ICT field. The companys CEO would like the company to expand in the direction of robotics and expand into Asia and the whole of Australia. The report is to be presented to the board members so that they can be informed in this field as they make the decision on what area they will expand in. As the ICT manager I have been tasked with carrying out the research and compiling this report to provide the required data. The report aims at informing the executive management on the topic of robotic technology deeply so that they can make a decision on whether they will implement the CEOs recommendation for it to be the way they expand the business. When they have all the information, both positive and negatives, they can then better make the decision on what to do in the best interests of the organization. The objectives of the report include; defining robotic technology, to find if the applications of this technology are in line with the five-year strategic plan of the company, to give the advantages and disadvantages of using this technology. Also to give the various risks the company may face, the social, moral and legal problems that may arise, to give solutions to all the problems that will be present and finally to give recommendations on the topic and whether or not it is profitable to the business if implemented. The methodology used to get data was through interviews and questionaries granted to people in the robotics field. The report will first define the key terms of the report that is robotics clearly, what it means and what exactly it is. It will then give the applications of robotics in the different industries the company wants to expand into.Then it will give the advantages and disadvantages of using robotic technology in the business like addressing the risks that the robotics technology has on security and technology in the company, then it will give a list of solutions to the problems from the use of robotics. Then it will discuss the findings of the research and finally give the recommendations on the research topic. The definition of robotics. Robotics is the field in technology that appertains to the draft, manufacture, working, and use of robots. A robot is a motorized apparatus which can be programmed to do duties and interrelate with its surrounding, without help from human touch at all.Simply it is the study of robots. These robots are apparatuses that can be used to perform tasks (Kurfess, Ed.,2004). Some of them can do tasks on their own. Other robots need humans to operate them. Furthermore, it is a field in engineering; this discipline interrelates with computer science, artificial intelligence, bioengineering, mechatronics, electronics, and nanotechnology.(Deb Deb, 2010) Robotics can be applied to different fields in todays market, but this report will focus on the areas our company intends on expanding into and focusing on. The fields include mining, domestic use, transport, and manufacturing areas. First in the mining sector the applications of robotics include; Material management automation. The robotics technology can be applied here to make work easier; these mines can use automated trucks to transport heavy goods from one point to another for processing through dangerous areas safely without putting workers in danger. Rio Tinto applied this method in 2008 and had great success and improved business for themselves. Tasks that are dangerous and repetitive are now automated, and also by doing this, it will reduce gas consumption and environmental depletion at the same time (Qian et al, 2006). Other applications are operations, like computerized belt scanning, used every day to observe the wear in the mineral conveyor belt. GPS steered robots used for making maps of the tunnels in the mines and also detecting where the minerals are or if there is gas by using a vision system. All these applications have the same objective to reduce danger to employees and to increase efficiency and productivity (Qian et al, 2006). Next field of implementation is the manufacturing sector. Material handling robots can computerize some of the repetitive and dangerous duties in a production line in factories. Assembly robots can be equipped with vision structures and force sensing which help and aid it to put together the manufactured product to its final form reducing costs (Bischoff, Kurth, Schreiber, Koeppe et al, 2010,). Then the dispensing robots are used for gluing, painting, spraying and applying adhesive to make the end product consistent and safe. The final product is then subject to inspection by robots made for this purpose. They are good to see if the products meet the industry standards hence these robots inspect the products ineptly and will and discover any errors made (Engelberger, 2012). Another area is applying the robotics at home. These applications include it can be used for cleaning different parts of the house like the vacuum cleaner is used to clean dust around the house. Then there are computerized pool cleaners which have a timer to clean pools; there are automatic litter changes which change cat litters. Another one is the lawn mower which helps keep the outside clean. Another application is food preparation; there are new technologies in the robotics which contribute to making cooking easier (Sahin, Guvenc,2007).They include automated barbecue makers, ovens, and fryers which do not need much human handling as long as you have set a timer to prepare food. Another application is entertainment; there are many robots and other equipment using robotics that can be used to bring happiness to people. Like a doll which dances and makes children happy and also machines for karaoke. Finally, it can be used to aid in learning at home; they can use them to learn about topics that interest those (Zhang et al. 2004). The final area is the transport sector. The applications include first there will be automated cars which will increase the efficiency of travel and keep the roads accident-free. Then it can be used to give tickets to travelers in public transportation; this is efficient as they do not tire and are not prejudiced. They are also used to move the trains and buses from one point to another. They can be used to load and offload heavy goods safely from the cars thus avoiding harm to humans. Finally, they are used to lead people from one point to the next to get to their transportation safely and fast (Murata, Kurokawa,2007). Advantages and disadvantages of robotics technology The use of robots has several benefits to businesses and people around them they include; the first land can be reclaimed and put to better use. These lands are ones that are occupied by the millions of cars owned by humans hence when these automated cars are used they need little space for storage hence the rest of the garages and land are put to use in expanding businesses (Navarro, Galn, 2008, May). It also increases productivity in companies because firstly, Robots manufacture perfect and excellent work. They also make mistakes rarely and also their work is more precise as compared to employees. They produce large amounts of property in a short period. They can also work consistently with no need of vacations or breaks (Hernando, Galan, Navarro, Rodriguez-Losada, 2011). Next advantage is that it ensures that there is safety in the workplace by. First, the robots keep the employees from doing the challenging and dangerous work. They can work in unsafe conditions, like inadequate lighting, chemicals that are toxic or small spaces. They can also lift heavy loads and not get hurt or tired. Robots increase the safety of employees by ensuring that humans do not get into accidents when doing dangerous jobs (Groover, 2007). It also increases savings made by businesses. When the robots are used in production, they save time used in production thus the firm produces more goods. They reduce waste of materials because tasks are not repeated. Robots save organizations funds in the long run with quick returns from investments made, fewer worker injuries thus they do not require compensation (Melhuish, Ieropoulos, Greenman, Horsfield,2006). They have also led to job creation because these robots require special handling hence new employees will be hired to do these tasks thus benefiting the people. Also, those with knowledge of programming will also get jobs in production and maintenance of the robots (Vertut, Ed.,2013). They have also taken the tedious work from employees, and they can now be assigned to new challenging jobs for them. Also, they have kept the companies competitive as the companies want to be the best in the field they are in(Murata, Kurokawa,2007). The use of robotics can also have adverse effects on businesses. First, by using these robots in the workplace, these offices are prone to cyber-attacks. It can be possible because the robots can be hacked if proper care is not taken and the malicious software installed in the robots program can then infect the office computers and hence expose the data of the company to the hackers (Yim, Shen, Salemi, Rus, Moll, Lipson, Chirikjian,2007). The robots can also go off program and cause harm to the individual employee when they malfunction. When they do this, they will cause losses to the company because of the cost incurred when repairing the machines and also treating the employee. Another disadvantage is that they have made some jobs obsolete thus humans will be fired as the robots can do these tasks efficiently and cheaper (Carlsson, Ed.,2012). The followingproblem is that there is difficulty in understanding that the business will initially have to make a significant investment to implement robotics in the firm. Itexpects to see results immediately with reduction of cost, but it will take time for the use of robots in the company to produce results. Also, the machines have to be regularly maintained thus the cost will go up. Also, these devices require specialized training to handle hence this will add on to the cost to the company (Sullins, 2008). From an ethical and social standpoint, the use of robotics technology is quite controversial in today's society because there will discuss different issues. First is that there will be difficulty in determining how the wealth will be distributedthe machines have created that. Also, human behavior will be different as they interact with the devices they may be affected negatively if they only interact with the robots. Also, there is the issue of humans creating artificial intelligence is ethically wrong as they are acting as God which is incorrect. Finally, it is morally wrong for machines to take jobs from people (Bekey,2012). Some of the solutions that can be implemented to solve these problems that come with using the robotics technology include; first the robots can be fitted with software that protects it from hacking and viruses hence, in the long run, safeguarding the data in the office (Navarro, Galn, 2008, May). Also, the companies can carry out research on the robotics tech and how much it will cost to implement it. Thus with this information, they can be ready when they decide to use the technology. Hence they will know what is required of them before hand and also they will know the market they are entering. Finally, people can be educated on robotics technology deeply so that they do not feel anxious about them and see how beneficial they are (Pan, Polden, Larkin, Van Duin, Norrish, 2012). Conclusion In conclusion from the above report, we can say that robotics technology has a various application the fields the business can grow into. They have been statedclearly. Thus we can see that they are many and we can be sure that if we start production of such technology, it will be profitable to our company. We can also see how useful this technology is to the different places it's can be used in however there are also adverse effects, but as stated above there are various solutions that can use. The ethical and legal standpoint offer a challenge, but it can be dealt with carefully as this is a profitable way of expansion. Recommendations I would recommend that the company start the expansion as suggested by the CEO as this is the right path to take with todays market. It will ensure profitability. Also, I would indicate that the company set apart the necessary fund to be used to start the implementation of this sector of the business. These funds will be utilizedfor production, training, hiring and also ensuring that every requirement is met. I would also recommend that my ICT team get a bettereducation so that they can combat any cyber issues that may arise (Viswanadham,2002). References Bekey, G. (2012). Current trends in robotics: technology and ethics. Robot ethics: the ethical and social implications of robotics. MIT Press, Cambridge, 17-34. Bischoff, R., Kurth, J., Schreiber, G., Koeppe, R., Albu-Schffer, A., Beyer, A., ... Hirzinger, G. (2010 , June). The KUKA-DLR Lightweight Robot arm-a new reference platform for robotics research and manufacturing. In Robotics (ISR), 2010 41st international symposium on and 2010 6th German conference on robotics (ROBOTIK) (pp. 1-8). VDE. Carlsson, B. (Ed.). (2012). Technological systems and economic performance: the case of factory automation (Vol. 5). Springer Science Business Media. Deb, S. R., Deb, S. (2010). Robotics technology and flexible automation. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. Engelberger, J. F. (2012). Robotics in practice: management and applications of industrial robots. Springer Science Business Media. Groover, M. P. (2007). Automation, production systems, and computer-integrated manufacturing. Prentice Hall Press. Hernando, M., Galan, R., Navarro, I., Rodriguez-Losada, D. (2011). Ten years of cybertech: The educational benefits of bullfighting robotics. IEEE Transactions on Education, 54(4), 569-575. Kurfess, T. R. (Ed.). (2004). Robotics and automation handbook. CRC press. Melhuish, C., Ieropoulos, I., Greenman, J., Horsfield, I. (2006). Energetically autonomous robots: Food for thought. Autonomous Robots, 21(3), 187-198. Murata, S., Kurokawa, H. (2007). Self-reconfigurable robots. IEEE Robotics Automation Magazine, 14(1), 71-78. Navarro, I., Galn, R. (2008, May). Cybertech Robotic Competition. In International Conference on Research and Education in Robotics (pp. 134-144). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Pandya, A., Auner, G. (2004). Robotics technology: a journey into the future. Urologic Clinics of North America, 31(4), 793-800. Pan, Z., Polden, J., Larkin, N., Van Duin, S., Norrish, J. (2012). Recent progress on programming methods for industrial robots. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 28(2), 87-94. Qian, S. H., Ge, S. R., Wang, Y. S., Wang, Y., Liu, C. Q. (2006). Research status of the disaster rescue robot and its applications to the mine rescue [J]. Robot, 28(3), 350-354. Sahin, H., Guvenc, L. (2007). Household robotics: autonomous devices for vacuuming and lawn mowing [Applications of control]. IEEE Control Systems, 27(2), 20-96. Sullins, J. P. (2008). Friends by design: A design philosophy for personal robotics technology. InPhilosophy and Design (pp. 143-157). Springer Netherlands. Vertut, J. (Ed.). (2013). Teleoperation and robotics: applications and technology (Vol. 3). Springer Science Business Media. Viswanadham, N. (2002). The past, present, and future of supply-chain automation. IEEE Robotics Automation Magazine, 9(2), 48-56. Yim, M., Shen, W. M., Salemi, B., Rus, D., Moll, M., Lipson, H., ... Chirikjian, G. S. (2007). Modular self-reconfigurable robot systems [grand challenges of robotics]. IEEE Robotics Automation Magazine, 14(1), 43-52. Zhang, H., Gan, Z., Brogard, T., Wang, J., Isaksson, M. (2004). Learning skills: robotics technology in automotive powertrain assembly. ABB review, 1, 13-16.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
1928 Election AP American History October 21, 1997 The year of 1828 was a tumultuous year in American politics. It so happened that it was a presidential election year. The election of 1828 was different from any other presidential election up to that point. The election not only set a precedent, but was also one of the bitterest in American history. Out of all the elections up to that point, it had all the makings of a present-day campaign. The two modern aspects evident in the campaign were horrific mudslinging and the choice of presidential electors by a popular vote. The two men running for the office of president that year were the incumbent, John Adams, and the once-defeated Andrew Jackson. John Adams ran as a National Republican, later to be known as the Whigs. Adams had the support of the respectable Secretary of State, Henry Clay, but he did not have the support of his own Vice-President, John C. Calhoun. Calhoun was very powerful in the politics of that time period. He threw his support in favor Jackson because he could tell that Adams and the Republicans wanted Henry Clay to succeed Adams in the election of 1832. William H. Crawford, presidential hopeful in 1824, also gave his support to Jackson. However, the most important man to lend his backing to Jackson was Martin Van Buren, because he could tell that Jackson was going places. Jackson was running as a Democratic Republican. Because the Democrats are widely known to be the party of the common man, Jackson could use the theory of us against them. The Democrats also gained the support of the newly formed Workingman's Party. When Adams had beaten Jackson for president four years before, the Jacksonians protested that there was a corrupt bargain between Clay and Adams. This came about because once the vote went to the House of Representatives, Clay, a candidate, threw his support in favor of Adams. Once in office, Adams made Clay Secretary of State. Throughout Adams' administration and the campaign, the Jacksonians made the phrase corrupt bargain a rallying cry for their supporters. Adams though made enemies of his allies by refusing to remove competent civil servants from their jobs in favor of his political friends. Adams' views were already known so he had to run on those. Jackson however was for anything against Adams that made Adams look bad. Everything else he was safely shrewd in defining his position on the current issues of the time. He would just put himself in the middle if he didn't have an opinion or he didn't want to upset his supporters. So, in fact, he ran without a program. While he campa igned in the South, his friends in Washington, led by Van Buren, were winning the election for him. They concocted a tariff bill aimed at attracting electoral votes in both the Northeast and Northwest by hiking the protective rates on items favored in those areas. It was called the Tariff of Abominations, especially in the South. This raised dislike for the Adams Administration. That year was also the first year in which presidential electors were chosen by popular vote instead of congressional caucuses. This made the election even more democratic, which is what the Democrats, as they had come to be known, wanted. The Democrats, after all, were on raising the idea of democracy versus aristocracy. This campaign was not only one of the most savage elections up to that time, it is one of the nastiest in our country's history. Both candidates used the newspapers to do a significant part of their mudslinging. One newspaper editor that Jackson used was Amos Kendall of Kentucky. Kendall was the editor of the Argus of Western America. All of his editors though did an expert job of making his political head-hunting look like a crusade to clean Washington of corruption and privilege. One of Adams' editors was Charles Hammond of Cincinnati. He was the editor of the Cincinnati Gazette. Hammond turned Jackson's marriage into a contemptible type of propaganda. But the even more effective propaganda was the Coffin Handbill, which made Jackson out to be a murderer and a ruffian because he had executed six Tennessee militiamen for mutinying during
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Definition and Examples of Parataxis in Rhetoric Definition Parataxis is a grammatical andÃ rhetorical term for phrases or clauses arranged independently- a coordinate, rather than a subordinate, construction. Adjective: paratactic.Ã Contrast withÃ hypotaxis. Parataxis (also known as the additive style) is sometimes used as a synonym for asyndeton- that is, the coordination of phrases and clauses without coordinating conjunctions. However, as Richard Lanham demonstrates in Analyzing Prose, a sentence style may be both paratactic and polysyndetic (held together with numerous conjunctions). See Examples and Observations below. Also see: Clausal Coordination and Phrasal Coordination Compound SentenceCoordinate ClauseJuxtapositionLangston Hughes on Harlem in the 1920sListParataxis in Steinbecks Paradox and DreamRunning StyleSimple SentenceWalt Whitmans Street YarnWendell Berrys A Few Words for Motherhood What Is the Running Style? EtymologyFrom the Greek, placing side by side Examples and Observations I came; I saw; I conquered.(Julius Caesar)Dogs, undistinguishable in mire. Horses, scarcely better- splashed to their very blinkers. Foot passengers, jostling one anothers umbrellas, in a general infection of ill-temper, and losing their foothold at street corners.(Charles Dickens, Bleak House, 1852-1853)In the bed of the river there were pebbles and boulders, dry and white in the sun, and the water was clear and swiftly moving and blue in the channels.(Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell to Arms, 1929)I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country. What I had was a coat, a hat and a gun.(Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, 1940) Joan Didions Paratactic StyleI remember walking across 62nd Street one twilight that first spring, or the second spring, they were all alike for a while. I was late to meet someone but I stopped at Lexington Avenue and bought a peach and stood on the corner eating it and knew that I had come out of the Wes t and reached the mirage. I could taste the peach and feel the soft air blowing from a subway grating on my legs and I could smell lilac and garbage and expensive perfume and I knew that it would cost something sooner or later . . ..(Joan Didion, Goodbye to All That. Slouching Towards Bethlehem, 1968) Toni Morrisons Use of ParataxisTwenty-two years old, weak, hot, frightened, not daring to acknowledge the fact that he didnt know who or what he was . . . with no past, no language, no tribe, no source, no address book, no comb, no pencil, no clock, no pocket handkerchief, no rug, no bed, no can opener, no faded postcard, no soap, no key, no tobacco pouch, no soiled underwear and nothing nothing nothing to do . . . he was sure of one thing only: the unchecked monstrosity of his hands.(Toni Morrison, Sula, 1973) Natalie Kuszs Use of ParataxisI packed some books and a portable typewriter, drove to Homer on the coast, and rented a cabin near the beach. Something about the place, or its fishy air, or my aloneness in the middle of it, worked somehow, and I breathed bigger there in my chest and wrote more clearly on the page. I had forgotten about tides and about the kelp and dried crabs that came in with them, and every morning I shivered into a sweater, put combs in my hair, and walked out to wade and to fill my pockets with what I found. I liked it best when the wind was blowing and the sky was gray, and the sounds of seagulls and my own breathing were carried out with the water.(Natalie Kusz, Vital Signs. The Threepenny Review, 1989) Walt Whitmans Paratactic StyleNothing is ever really lost, or can be lost,No birth, identity, form- no object of the world.Nor life, nor force, nor any visible thing;Appearance must not foil, nor shifted sphere confuse thy brain.Ample are time and spaceample the fields of Nature.The body, sluggish, aged, cold- the embers left from earlier fires,The light in the eye grown dim, shall duly flame again;The sun now low in the west rises for mornings and for noons continual;To frozen clods ever the springs invisible law returns,With grass and flowers and summer fruits and corn.(Walt Whitman, Continuities) Characteristics of Paratactic Prose- In paratactic prose, clauses are loosely connected, creating a lopping discourse of heres another thing and another thing and another thing. . . . Paratactic prose occurs more frequently in narrative and explanation, and hypotactic prose more frequently in explicit arguments.(Jeanne Fahnestock, Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion. Oxf ord University Press, 2011)- When clauses are linked in a relationship of equality, we say that the relationship is paratactic. Parataxis is the relationship between units of equal status. . . . Paratactic linking is often treated as equivalent to coordination . . .; more exactly, coordination is one type of parataxis, others being juxtaposition and linking by conjunctions such as so and yet.(Angela Downing and Philip Locke, A University Course in English Grammar. Prentice Hall, 1992)- A series of short phrases or clauses equalized by parataxis seems almost to invite these repetitive openings [anaphora]. We are reminded, on the one hand, of Scriptures ritual iterations- a list of Thou shalt nots or begats. On the other hand, the humble laundry list comes to mind. When you think of it, ordinary workaday prose is often taken up with lists. They represent parataxis par excellence. . . .But parataxis can be a contrived, patterned, self-conscious style, one whose syntax can carry . . . a n allegorical meaning of its own. It is easy to write a laundry list, but not so easy to write like Hemingway without falling into parody. Try it.(Richard A. Lanham, Analyzing Prose, 2nd ed. Continuum, 2003)- Parataxis allows for the coherence of a narratives themes to be independent of the sequential organization of the story elements. Use of paratactic ordering is common in folksongs and even myths where the rearrangement of story elements in their order of presentation does not damage or confuse the story. For example, switching verses three and five of a seven-verse paratactic song would not alter the theme or tale presented, since linear progression is not an essential component of these works.(Richard Neupert, The End: Narration and Closure in the Cinema. Wayne State University Press, 1995) A Difficult Style to MasterAlthough it might seem as if writing in the additive style is just a matter of putting one thing after another in no particular order (how can that be hard?), it is in fact the far more difficult style to master; for the relative absence of formal constraints means that there are no rules or recipes for what to do because there are no rules or recipes for what not to do.(Stanley Fish, How to Write a Sentence. Harper Collins, 2011) A. Bartlett Giamatti on the Paratactic Style of BaseballHere the oft-told tale that is the game is told again. It is told always in the present tense, in a paratactic style that reflects the games seamless, cumulative character, each event linked to the last and creating the context for the next- a style almost Biblical in its continuity and instinct for typology.(A. Bartlett Giamatti, Take Time for Paradise: Americans and Their Games. Summit Books, 1989) Pronunciation: PAR-a-TAX-iss
Monday, February 24, 2020
Reality TV's Negative Affect on Our Society - Research Paper Example In some instances, it may make the viewer or the audiences revel at such negative attributes and vices such as pain, sex, and injuries to the cast, which in real sense the viewer should not. The end-result is the cast is rewarded for poor personal, societal or professional judgment. Since the advent of reality TV programming, critics have rightly described as a genre that is sensational and focusing on an emphasis on the negative aspects of the society. Hill (7) states that such articles such as Ã¢â¬ËRagbag of Cheap ThrillsÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËTVÃ¢â¬â¢s Theatre of CrueltyÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËDanger: Reality TV can Rot Your BrainÃ¢â¬â¢ describe how there is a negative connotation associated with reality TV. Further Nick Clarke argues in The Shadow of a Nation that reality TV has led to the erosion of the values hitherto held by the society as well as distracting the ideals of a modern society. For example scenes of addiction to drugs and war in reality television programs have the pot ential effect of eroding the culture held by the society as well as its moral values (Hill 7). Other programs such as Real Housewives of AtlantaÃ and Basketball WivesÃ that show violent confrontations between women tend to make young ladies copy them with the thoughts that such behavior is desirable. In the analysis of the reality TV program Ã¢â¬ËExtreme MakeoverÃ¢â¬â¢, the negative aspect of the society is portrayed as the show suggests that the American society is constantly in trouble to find or live in a decent home showing how a contemporaneous socio-political tension or situation. The crisis that the cast in the program face is at times used to hoodwink the electorate who vote in leaders who can promise better housing... This "Reality TV Negative Effects to Society" essay demonstrates how such shows as "Extreme Makeover" or "16 and pregnant" shapes our worldview. Reality television shows have constantly portrayed a distasteful and dysfunctional behavior in the form of entertainment and people get easily manipulated and end up applying the same behavior in the society. The negative influence of reality television programs is that they allow a person or the viewer to follow what has been determined for him by someone else as reality. The producers of reality TV programs also fail to consider ethics when producing these programs, as they tend to exploit the misfortune of others such as divorce and teenage pregnancy all in the name of entertainment. From the foregoing argument, research has proven that reality television programs just warp the viewerÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of reality and their belief. This is the reason for example why viewers or members of the society who view the world as filled with dram a and relational strife are addicted to reality programs, for example the regular viewers of drama on crime are likely to engage in crime. In addition, the society has been affected in a major way and in a negative way by the reality programs as members of the society do not wish to learn how to accomplish a rigorous or desirable feat but demand to achieve it through controversy and idiocy. The end result is a society built on negative values and morals that greatly affect the productivity and meaningful co-existence.